There are different forms of dishonesty during the writing of academic and scientific papers:
- Plagiarism, which includes presenting words, ideas and the works of someone else as your own without stating the source
- Falsification, i.e. omission or changing data in order to support a claim, hypothesis or fact
- Fabrication, i.e. making up information or sources
- Auto-plagiarism, i.e. presenting your earlier works as new, for example, printing the same text twice or using parts of your earlier works without stating the source or handing in the same work for two courses
- Prohibited collaboration
- False authorship
Plagiarism and other forms of dishonesty aren’t always intentional and sometimes they are caused by insufficient knowledge about academic writing – but the punishment can be the same regardless of the cause of academic dishonesty.